In Russia love is expressed by beatings

Strange necessity for a master in Russia; when the occasion arises, he has to beat his servant! Words have no effect; nothing but stirrup leathers produce one. The servant, whose soul is only that of a slave, reflects after the beating, and says: 'My master has not dismissed me, he would not have beaten me if he did not love me, so I ought to be attached to him. '

Giacomo Casanova - History of my life (10, 6)